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Voice Signal De-noise Base on Wavelet and Arithmetic Implement with DSP

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Tutor: WangQi
School: Harbin Institute of Technology
Course: Measuring Technology and Instruments
Keywords: wavelet shrinkage de-noising,voice signal de-noising,spectral subtraction,DSP
CLC: TN912.3
Type: Master's thesis
Year:  2008
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Abstract:
Wavelet analysis is a mathematical analysis tools which was developed in the 1990s, because of its excellent time-frequency analysis ability.Wavelet analysis has undergone a unprecedented development in the signal processing field. As an important branch of wavelet analysis, wavelet de-noising theory has also got a great development and application. Voice signal de-noising is an important area of voice signal processing, generally as a pretreatment module exists in the system. Scholars often carry through study on the basis of broad band plus noise, and has brought forward many voice de-noising methods. Although in theory, still not completely solve the problem of voice de-noising, some methods have been proved to be effective in practice. Wavelet analysis can simultaneously analyse signal in time and frequency domain, so it can effectively achieve the voice signal de-noising.We study the application of wavelet in voice signal de-noising, focus on the wavelet shrinkage de-noising. There are three main wavelet de-noising methods at present, they are wavelet shrinkage de-noising, model-max de-noising and spatial selection de-noising. wavelet shrinkage de-noising method has a small amount calculation and good de-noising effect, so it has got wide application. But the selection of de-noising threshold directly related to the de-noising effect. Some wavelet coefficients can’t be set zero when the threshold is undersize and parts of noises are retained; some useful signals will be reduced if the threshold is up-size. These cases may degrade the de-noising effect.This article focuses on the wavelet shrinkage de-noising, study different threshold function, different threshold approach and the selection of mother wavelet. For the shortcoming of high frequency signal distortion in the wavelet shrinkage de-noising, we use spectral subtraction to treat with small scales wavelet coefficients and then remove the residual noise with a small threshold; in big scales, we still use threshold method directly. The simulation shows that this method has a better effect than wavelet shrinkage de-noising, it could reserves more high frequency signal, reduce distortion. We design real time de-noising method, and transplant the above-mentioned algorithms to DSP with SEED-EDC6713 module. We completed spectral subtraction, wavelet shrinkage de-noising and the method this article put forward, verify the simulation results.
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